Retrieved 25 March
In New Zealand men's underwear is known as undies , or y-fronts. Various people in the fashion industry use the words trouser or pant instead of trousers or pants. This is nonstandard usage. The words trousers and pants are pluralia tantum , nouns that generally only appear in plural form—much like the words scissors and tongs. However, the singular form is used in some compound words, such as trouser-leg , trouser-press and trouser-bottoms.
Jeans are trousers typically made from denim or dungaree cloth. Skin-tight leggings are commonly referred to as tights. There is some evidence, from figurative art , of trousers being worn in the Upper Paleolithic , as seen on the figurines found at the Siberian sites of Mal'ta and Buret'.
Trousers enter recorded history in the 6th century BC, on the rock carvings and artworks of Persepolis ,  and with the appearance of horse-riding Eurasian nomads in Greek ethnography. At this time, the Iranian People such as Scythians , Sarmatians , Sogdians and Bactrians among others, along with Armenians and Eastern and Central Asian peoples such as the Xiongnu and Hunnu , are known to have worn trousers.
Republican Rome viewed the draped clothing of Greek and Minoan Cretan culture as an emblem of civilisation and disdained trousers as the mark of barbarians.
Feminalia and Braccae both began use as military garments, spreading to civilian dress later, and were eventually made in a variety of materials including leather, wool, cotton and silk. Trousers of various designs were worn throughout the Middle Ages in Europe, especially by men. Loose-fitting trousers were worn in Byzantium under long tunics ,  and were worn by many tribes, such as the Germanic tribes that migrated to Western Roman Empire in the Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages , as evidenced by both artistic sources and such relics as the 4th-century costumes recovered from the Thorsberg peat bog see illustration.
By the 8th century there is evidence of the wearing in Europe of two layers of trousers, especially among upper-class males. Over the drawers were worn trousers of wool or linen, which in the 10th century began to be referred to as breeches in many places. Tightness of fit and length of leg varied by period, class, and geography. Open legged trousers can be seen on the Norman soldiers of the Bayeux Tapestry. Although Charlemagne — is recorded to have habitually worn trousers, donning the Byzantine tunic only for ceremonial occasions,   the influence of the Roman past and the example of Byzantium led to the increasing use of long tunics by men, hiding most of the trousers from view and eventually rendering them an undergarment for many.
As undergarments, these trousers became briefer or longer as the length of the various medieval outer garments changed, and were met by, and usually attached to, another garment variously called hose or stockings. In the 14th century it became common among the men of the noble and knightly classes to connect the hose directly to their pourpoints  the padded under jacket worn with armoured breastplates that would later evolve into the doublet rather than to their drawers.
In the 15th century, rising hemlines led to ever briefer drawers  until they were dispensed with altogether by the most fashionable elites who joined their skin-tight hose back into trousers. Men's clothes in Hungary in the 15th century consisted of a shirt and trousers as underwear, and a dolman worn over them, as well as a short fur-lined or sheepskin coat.
Hungarians generally wore simple trousers, only their colour being unusual; the dolman covered the greater part of the trousers. Around the turn of the 16th century it became conventional to separate hose into two pieces, one from the waist to the crotch which fastened around the top of the legs, called trunk hose, and the other running beneath it to the foot.
The trunk hose soon reached down the thigh to fasten below the knee and were now usually called " breeches " to distinguish them from the lower-leg coverings still called hose or, sometimes stockings. By the end of the 16th century, the codpiece had also been incorporated into breeches which featured a fly or fall front opening. As a modernisation measure, Tsar Peter the Great of Russia issued a decree in commanding every Russian man, other than clergy and peasant farmers, to wear trousers.
During the French Revolution of and following, male citizens of France adopted a working-class costume including ankle-length trousers, or pantaloons named from a Commedia dell'Arte character named Pantalone  in place of the aristocratic knee-breeches culottes.
The new garment of the revolutionaries differed from that of the ancien regime upper classes in three ways:. Pantaloons became fashionable in early 19th-century England and the Regency era. The style was introduced by Beau Brummell    and by mid-century had supplanted breeches as fashionable street-wear.
Breeches proper survived into the 20th century as court dress , and also in baggy mid- calf or three-quarter length versions known as plus-fours or knickers worn for active sports and by young schoolboys.
Types of breeches are still worn today by baseball and American football players, and by equestrians. Sailors may [ original research? In the 17th and 18th centuries, sailors wore baggy trousers known as galligaskins. Sailors also pioneered the wearing of jeans - trousers made of denim.
Starting around the midth century, Wigan pit-brow girls scandalised Victorian society by wearing trousers for their work at the local coal mines. They wore skirts over their trousers and rolled them up to their waists to keep them out of the way.
Although pit-brow lasses worked above ground at the pit-head, their task of sorting and shovelling coal involved hard manual labour, so wearing the usual long skirts of the time would have greatly hindered their movements. The Korean word for trousers, baji originally pajibaji first appears in recorded history around the turn of the 15th century, but pants may have been in use by Korean society for some time.
From at least this time pants were worn by both sexes in Korea. Men wore trousers either as outer garments or beneath skirts, while it was unusual for adult women to wear their pants termed sokgot without a covering skirt. As in Europe, a wide variety of styles came to define regions, time periods and age and gender groups, from the unlined gouei to the padded sombaji.
In Western society, it was Eastern culture that inspired French designer Paul Poiret — to be one of the first to design pants for women. In , Poiret created loose-fitting, wide-leg trousers for women called harem pants, which were based on the costumes of the popular opera Sheherazade. In the early 20th century women air pilots and other working women often wore trousers. Frequent photographs from the s of actresses Marlene Dietrich and Katharine Hepburn in trousers helped make trousers acceptable for women.
During World War II , women working in factories and doing other forms of "men's work" on war service wore trousers when the work demanded it. In the post-war era, trousers became acceptable casual wear for gardening, the beach, and other leisurely pursuits. Further, in Britain during World War II, because of the rationing of clothing, many women took to wearing their husbands' civilian clothes, including their trousers, to work while their husbands were away from home serving in the armed forces.
This was partly because they were seen as practical workwear and partly to allow women to keep their clothing allowance for other uses. As this practice of wearing trousers became more widespread and as the men's clothing wore out, replacements were needed. By the summer of , it was reported that sales of women's trousers were five times more than they had been in the previous year.
In , Luisa Capetillo challenged mainstream society by becoming the first woman in Puerto Rico to wear trousers in public. Capetillo was sent to jail for what was then considered to be a crime, but, the judge later dropped the charges against her. In the s, André Courrèges introduced long trousers for women as a fashion item, leading to the era of the pantsuit and designer jeans and the gradual erosion of social prohibitions against girls and women wearing trousers in schools, the workplace and in fine restaurants.
Pat Nixon was the first American First Lady to wear trousers in public. In , California state senator Rebecca Morgan became the first woman to wear trousers in a US state senate.
Hillary Clinton was the first woman to wear trousers in an official American First Lady portrait. In Rome in , a year-old driving instructor was accused of rape. When he picked up an year-old girl for her first driving lesson, he allegedly raped her for an hour, then told her that if she was to tell anyone he would kill her.
Later that night she told her parents and her parents agreed to help her press charges. While the alleged rapist was convicted and sentenced, the Italian Supreme Court overturned the conviction in because the victim wore tight jeans.
It was argued that she must have necessarily have had to help her attacker remove her jeans, thus making the act consensual "because the victim wore very, very tight jeans, she had to help him remove them Avg Weight g 1 lb Windproof soft shell pants for any mountain environment.
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This look is ideal for a backyard barbeque, a day at the shopping mall, running errands or simply hanging out for a relaxed day at home. In addition to providing a casual, relaxed look, they can give one the option to appear elegant and refined. They can also help provide an entirely professional appearance.
For an office setting, slim legged pants with a nice jacket provide a commanding, powerful look. Adding a nice, feminine top and pumps imparts a softer professional appearance. Change the whole look around with a simple change of accessories.