Two years later, a number of retailers began opening at 8: The shoppers did not appear concerned with the victim's fate, expressing refusal to halt their stampede when other employees attempted to intervene and help the injured employee, complaining that they had been waiting in the cold and were not willing to wait any longer. Retrieved August 7, Retrieved April 14, Statistics Canada indicates that online cross-border shopping by Canadians has increased by about M a year since
The United States has many holidays that are unique to its borders. Some are official national holidays, while others are merely customary celebrations. Black Friday is one of those unsanctioned holidays.
Based heavily in the consumer faction of the country, Black Friday is either considered a day of recuperating from the Thanksgiving Day feast, a day of marathon shopping or, for those working in the retail world, the longest day of the year. Black Friday does not occur on one specific date.
Always immediately following Thanksgiving, Black Friday falls on the fourth Friday of November, which causes the date to vary. While not recognized as a legitimate federal holiday, twenty-four out of fifty states do acknowledge the date as a local government holiday. They close their doors for business starting on Thanksgiving and reopen on the following Monday.
While some privately owned businesses may remain closed, most companies in the service industry — be it retail or food service — are open for business. Black Friday is one of the newer holidays recognized by the American people. This usage dates to at least More than twenty years later, as the phrase became more widespread, a popular explanation became that this day represented the point in the year when retailers begin to turn a profit, thus going from being "in the red" to being "in the black".
For many years, it was common for retailers to open at 6: This was taken to a new extreme in , when several retailers including Target , Kohl's , Macy's , Best Buy , and Bealls  opened at midnight for the first time. There have been reports of violence occurring between shoppers on Black Friday. Since , there have been 10 reported deaths and injuries throughout the United States.
This poses a significant safety risk, such as the use of propane and generators in the most elaborate cases, and in general, the blocking of emergency access and fire lanes, causing at least one city to ban the practice. The news media have long described the day after Thanksgiving as the busiest shopping day of the year.
In the period from through , for example, Black Friday ranked from fifth to tenth on the list of busiest shopping days, with the last Saturday before Christmas usually taking first place. Black Friday is a shopping day for a combination of reasons. As the first day after the last major holiday before Christmas, it marks the unofficial beginning of the Christmas shopping season.
Additionally, many employers give their employees the day off as part of the Thanksgiving holiday weekend. The early s have seen retailers extend beyond normal hours in order to maintain an edge or to simply keep up with the competition. Such hours may include opening as early as Forever 21 went in the opposite direction, opening at normal hours on Friday, and running late sales until 2: However, this practice has largely disappeared in recent years, perhaps because of an effort by retailers to create a greater sense of urgency.
The news media usually give heavy play to reports of Black Friday shopping and their implications for the commercial success of the Christmas shopping season, but the relationship between Black Friday sales and retail sales for the full holiday season is quite weak and may even be negative. On April 23, ,. In , Neil Stern of McMillan Doolittle said, "Black Friday is quickly losing its meaning on many fronts," because many stores opened on Thanksgiving, and a lot of sales started even earlier than that.
Online shopping also made the day less important. The large population centers on Lake Ontario and the Lower Mainland in Canada have always attracted cross-border shopping into the US states, and as Black Friday became more popular in the US, Canadians often flocked to the US because of their lower prices and a stronger Canadian dollar. After , many were traveling for the deals across the border.
Starting in and , due to the parity of the Canadian dollar compared with the American dollar , several major Canadian retailers ran Black Friday deals of their own to discourage shoppers from leaving Canada.
The year saw the biggest Black Friday to date in Canada, as Canadian retailers embraced it in an attempt to keep shoppers from travelling across the border. Before the advent of Black Friday in Canada, the most comparable holiday was Boxing Day in terms of retailer impact and consumerism. Black Fridays in the US seem to provide deeper or more extreme price cuts than Canadian retailers, even for the same international retailer. It is the day when emergency services activate contingency plans to cope with the increase in workload due to many people going out drinking on the last Friday before Christmas.
Contingencies can include setting up mobile field hospitals near City Centre nightspots. Since the start of the 21st century, there have been attempts by retailers with origins in the United States such as Amazon to introduce a retail "Black Friday" as it would be understood by Americans, into the United Kingdom.
Some online and in-shop companies have adopted the American-style Black Friday sale day, although others appear sceptical, with one comment piece in the trade publication Retail Week labelling it "simply an Americanism , which doesn't translate very well. In , more UK-based retailers adopted the Black Friday marketing scheme than ever.
Among them were ao. During Black Friday sales in , police forces were called to shops across Britain to deal with crowd control issues, assaults, threatening customers and traffic issues.
They have primary responsibility to keep people safe and they can't rely on the police to turn up and bail them out and that's what happened last night. Asda announced that it would not take part in the Black Friday. Black Friday appears to be growing in popularity year on year in the UK.
In Mexico, Black Friday was the inspiration for the government and retailing industry to create an annual weekend of discounts and extended credit terms, El Buen Fin , meaning "the good weekend" in Spanish. On this weekend, major retailers extend their store hours  and offer special promotions, including extended credit terms and price promotions.
The two reported the biggest Black Friday sales in Hundreds of retailers announced their participation in the campaign. Black Friday is little known in India, as its shopping seasons are different. The busiest times for shopping in India and hence the times with the biggest discounts tend to be Diwali, followed by regional festivals like Ugadi and Pongal in South India, Ganeshotsav in Maharasthra, Baisakhi in Punjab and Onam in Kerala.
Over the past decade, Independence day sales on 15 August have become a large attraction, though most sales in India last for a period of one week. The growing number of e-commerce websites and large retail shopping centers has contributed to such sales. The big e-commerce retailers in India are trying to emulate the concept of shopping festivals from the United States like Black Friday and Cyber Monday. Flipkart, Snapdeal and Amazon have been offering discounted products on the major festivals in India.
According to Google Trends, the interest for Black Friday is rising every year. Comparing the search volume of the term Black Friday in November and November , the increase is almost 50 percent 22, is the search volume in November and 33, is the search volume in November , according to the Google Adwords. The growing demand is getting more every year in India. French businessmen are slowly inserting the Black Friday consumer craze of the US. Retailers favored the very American term "Black Friday" to "Vendredi noir" in their advertisements.
In Germany, "Black Friday" retailer advertisements refer to "Black Week" and "Black Shopping" in English language, with sales lasting an entire week excluding Sundays when most retail stores are closed. During this sale time, stores keep their normal working hours; and though goods are offered at reduced prices, the prices are no more significantly slashed than normal weekly price reductions. Apple was the first company to run a special Black Friday campaign for the German market in In , swiss retailer Manor was the first to launch a special Black Friday promotion.
The year after, most swiss retailers launched special offers during the Black Friday Week. It is estimated that customers spend around million Swiss Francs in onlineshops alone on Black Friday.
In recent years, Black Friday has been promoted in Australia by in-store and online retailers. Twitter users had to use the hashtag osublackfriday and it allowed them to follow along and tweet favourite deals and discounts from stores. Purchasing online gave customers free shipping and free iTunes gift cards with every purchase. In addition to this, numerous stores in the country run Black Friday promotions in-store and online throughout the country.
Black Friday started picking up in New Zealand around In Norway , Black Friday started as a publicity stunt campaign back in to increase the sales to the shopping mall Norwegian Outlet. Since the introduction, it has been promoted every year in a larger and growing market all over the country. During its first year, it was believed to have attracted an inflow of about 35, regional tourists according to the government's immigration census.
Over its first hour run on November 28, , more than 1. There has been growing interest for black Friday in Poland as well.
In Spain joined with some small retailers. The celebration became more famous year by year, till the big retailers grew. In the Netherlands Black Friday was seriously introduced in Some years before there were a couple of big and small retailers that used Black Friday in their marketing proposes. However, with the total of 35 participating stores, can be seen as the year in which Black Friday has started in the Netherlands due to more widespread support of large retailers.
The participating shops have increased to over during the Black Friday period of Black Friday in Belgium is seriously marketed by retailers since After , Black Friday in Belgium has grown strongly. The participating shops have increased to over 70 during the Black Friday period of In Black Friday became widely popular in Latvia.
There was even a Black week and Black weekend sales in shopping centres. Black Friday has been increasingly adopted by stores in Brazil since ,  although not without its share of inflated prices and other scams, especially in its earlier years, earning the nickname " Black Fraude "  Black Fraud or also " Black Furadei ", which comes from the slang word " furada ", meaning a "jam" or tough situation, usually involving money.
It is also common to hear Brazilian people say that prices on Brazilian Black Friday are "half of the double". However, currently, the term "Black Friday" has become so popular in the country that stores have been under closer scrutiny from consumers and cases of known scams have been reduced greatly.
For centuries, the adjective "black" has been applied to days upon which calamities occurred. Many events have been described as "Black Friday", although the most significant such event in American History was the Panic of , which occurred when financiers Jay Gould and James Fisk took advantage of their connections with the Grant Administration in an attempt to corner the gold market. When President Grant learned of this manipulation, he ordered the Treasury to release a large supply of gold, which halted the run and caused prices to drop by eighteen percent.
Fortunes were made and lost in a single day, and the president's own brother-in-law, Abel Corbin , was ruined. The earliest known use of "Black Friday" to refer to the day after Thanksgiving occurs in the journal, Factory Management and Maintenance , for November , and again in Here it referred to the practice of workers calling in sick on the day after Thanksgiving, in order to have a four-day weekend.
However, this use does not appear to have caught on. Around the same time, the terms "Black Friday" and "Black Saturday" came to be used by the police in Philadelphia and Rochester to describe the crowds and traffic congestion accompanying the start of the Christmas shopping season. In , the city and merchants of Philadelphia attempted to improve conditions, and a public relations expert recommended rebranding the days, "Big Friday" and "Big Saturday"; but these terms were quickly forgotten.
Use of the phrase spread slowly, first appearing in The New York Times on November 29, , in which it still refers specifically to "the busiest shopping and traffic day of the year" in Philadelphia. Although it soon became more widespread, The Philadelphia Inquirer reported in that retailers in Cincinnati and Los Angeles were still unaware of the term.
As the phrase gained national attention in the early s, merchants objecting to the use of a derisive term to refer to one of the most important shopping days of the year suggested an alternative derivation: Black Friday, under this theory, is the beginning of the period when retailers would no longer be "in the red", instead taking in the year's profits. In , an internet rumor alleged that the phrase originated in the American south before the Civil War , from the practice of selling slaves on the day after Thanksgiving.
This was debunked by Snopes. Despite frequent attempts to control the crowds of shoppers, minor injuries are common among the crowds, usually as a result of being pushed or thrown to the ground in small stampedes. While most injuries remain minor, serious injuries and even deliberate violence have taken place on some Black Fridays. In , a crowd of approximately 2, shoppers in Valley Stream, New York , waited outside for the 5: As opening time approached, the crowd grew anxious and when the doors were opened the crowd pushed forward, breaking the door down, a year-old employee was trampled to death.
The shoppers did not appear concerned with the victim's fate, expressing refusal to halt their stampede when other employees attempted to intervene and help the injured employee, complaining that they had been waiting in the cold and were not willing to wait any longer. Shoppers had begun assembling as early as 9: Even when police arrived and attempted to render aid to the injured man, shoppers continued to pour in, shoving and pushing the officers as they made their way into the store.
Several other people incurred minor injuries, including a pregnant woman who had to be taken to the hospital. During Black Friday , a Madison, Wisconsin woman was arrested outside of a Toys 'R' Us store after cutting in line , and threatening to shoot other shoppers who tried to object.
She had been asked to leave the store, but refused. He was discovered to also be carrying two knives and a pepper spray grenade. On Black Friday , a woman at a Porter Ranch , California Walmart used pepper spray on fellow shoppers, causing minor injuries to a reported 20 people who had been waiting hours for the store to open.
The incident started as people waited in line for the newly discounted Xbox A witness said a woman with two children in tow became upset with the way people were pushing in line. The witness said she pulled out pepper spray and sprayed the other people in line. On Black Friday , two people were shot outside a Wal-Mart in Tallahassee, Florida , during a dispute over a parking space.
On Black Friday in , a person in Las Vegas who was carrying a big-screen TV home from a Target store on Thanksgiving was shot in the leg as he tried to wrestle the item back from a robber who had just stolen it from him at gunpoint. The suspect and the dragged officer were treated for shoulder injuries. Three people were arrested.
At the Franklin Mills Mall in Philadelphia a fight was caught on camera in which a woman was taken to the ground. The video also caught a separate, possibly related, fight happening simultaneously.
Friday morning on November 25,
Black Friday is the day after Thanksgiving Day and the Friday before Cyber Monday in the United States. It is a busy shopping day and is a holiday in some states. Sep 25, Survey: Black Friday Vs. Cyber Monday Our survey reveals which day draws more shoppers, what those shoppers are buying and how much they’re spending. Black Friday is a focal point in the year for millions of Americans, falling on the Friday following Thanksgiving each year. Many people across the U.S. have this day off from work for the official “Thanksgiving Friday” holiday.