These ratios are all used to determine whether you are at a healthy weight and body fat percentage -- or you're overweight. A few studies suggest that WHR is even more accurate than BMI for predicting the risks of cardiovascular disease and premature death.
While the average man is just below this threshold -- with a waist measurement of A large waist is a sign that you have a lot of visceral fat, the type of fat that's around your organs. This kind of fat has been linked to an increased risk for breast cancer, gallbladder surgery, type 2 diabetes and heart disease, making it riskier than the fat just under the skin, called subcutaneous fat. People who carry pounds around their waist are usually more likely to suffer from certain health conditions than those who carry their weight mostly in the hip area.
To determine your waist-to-hip ratio, divide your waist circumference in inches by your hip circumference in inches. This ratio can help you determine your body shape and whether you want to take extra steps to limit your risk for obesity-related health issues. If the number is above 0. If you're concerned about your heart disease risk, your waist-to-height ratio -- your waist circumference in inches divided by your height in inches -- may be a better tool for screening than either BMI or waist circumference alone, according to a review article published in Obesity Reviews in For women, a healthy WHtR is between 0.
Using these calculations, the average American man is overweight; to be at a healthy weight, he needs a waist circumference of between 30 and 36 inches. The typical American woman is obese and needs a waist circumference between 27 and 31 inches to be considered a healthy weight. It's possible that your results from these different ratios may not all agree. Perhaps your BMI is within the healthy range, but not your waist circumference.
If this is the case, it may be healthy for you to lose a little weight so that all of your measurements fall within the healthy range. You should speak with your doctor to get more personalized recommendations on your weight and current risk for disease, however, as weight isn't the only factor that can affect disease risk. Video of the Day. Some researchers have found that the waist—hip ratio is a significant measure of female attractiveness. It appears that men in westernized societies are more influenced by female waist size than hip size:.
Waist size conveys information such as current reproductive status or health status By western standards, women in foraging populations have high numbers of pregnancies, high parasite loads, and high caloric dependence on fibrous foods. These variables change across cultures, suggesting that. In his first study, men were shown a series of 12 drawings of women with various WHRs and body fat.
Drawings with normal weight and a low WHR were associated with the most positive traits i. The drawings of thin female figures were not associated with any positive traits except youthfulness. Through this study, Singh suggests that males and females may have developed innate mechanisms which detect and make use of the WHR to assess how healthy an individual is and particularly for men , infer possible mate value. Other studies discovered WHR as a signal of attractiveness as well, beyond just examining body fat and fertility.
Barnaby Dixson, Gina Grimshaw, Wayne Linklater, and Alan Dixson conducted a study using eye-tracking techniques to evaluate men's fixation on digitally altered photographs of the same woman, as well as asking the men to evaluate the images based on attractiveness. What they found was while men fixated on the woman's breasts in each photo, they selected the images where the woman had a 0. Furthermore, referencing a study conducted by Johnson and Tassinary looking at animated human walking stimuli, Farid Pazhoohi and James R.
Liddle proposed that men do not solely use WHR to evaluate attractiveness, but also a means of sex-differentiation, with higher WHR perceived as more masculine and lower WHR as an indicator of femininity. Pazhoohi and Liddle used this idea as a possible additional explanation as to why men perceive a lower WHR as more attractive — because it relates to an expression of femininity, as opposed to masculinity and a higher WHR.
To enhance their perceived attractiveness, some women may artificially alter their apparent WHR. The methods include the use of a corset to reduce the waist size and hip and buttock padding to increase the apparent size of the hips and buttocks. In an earlier attempt to quantify attractiveness, corset and girdle manufacturers of the 20th century used a calculation called hip spring  or hip-spring or hipspring , calculated by subtracting the waist measurement from the hip measurement.
A study performed by Holliday used computer generated female body shapes to construct images which covary with real female body mass indexed with BMI and not with body shape indexed with WHR , and vice versa. Twelve observers 6 male and 6 female rated these images for attractiveness during an fMRI study. This shows that BMI, not WHR, modulates reward mechanisms in the brain and that this may have important implications for judgements of ideal body size in eating disordered individuals.
A total of participants were in the study. There were 98 female participants. The age range was between 16 and Their educational and socio-economic backgrounds nearly all middle class were fairly homogenous, and none had previously participated in any studies involving female body shape or attractiveness. It was predicted that the effect of breast size on judgment of attractiveness and age estimation would be dependent on overall body fat and the size of the waist-to-hip ratio.
All the participants were given a booklet with eight pictures in total. When ratings of the figures' attractiveness were made, generally it appeared that bust size, WHR, and their weight were all important contributory elements. This is a particularly interesting finding, as most previous studies report that young women idealize female bodies solely on the basis of thinness. However, a heavy figure with a high WHR and a large bust was rated as the least attractive and healthy by all participants.
A number of studies have been carried out with focus on food composition of diets in relation to changes in waist circumference adjusted for body mass index. Whole-grain, ready-to-eat, oat cereal diets reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and waist circumference in overweight or obese adults more than low-fibre control food diets.
Weight loss did not vary between groups. The mean annual change in waist circumference was more than 3 times as great for subjects in the white-bread cluster as subjects using a diet high in fruit, vegetables, reduced-fat dairy, and whole grains and low in red and processed meat, fast food, and soda. A study suggests that dietary pattern high in fruit and dairy and low in white bread, processed meat, margarine, and soft drinks may help to prevent abdominal fat accumulation.
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The Evolution of Desire:
Home calculators Waist to Hip Ratio. Waist to Hip Ratio HealthStatus 0 2 0. Home calculators Waist to Hip Ratio. Waist to Hip Ratio. HealthStatus 0 2 0. Are you at increased risk of heart disease because of your shape? Do you need to consider a diet program to decrease the size of your waist or hips? Waist-to-hip ratio Unlike your body mass index (BMI), which calculates the ratio of your weight to your height, WHR measures the ratio of your waist circumference to your hip circumference. It determines how much fat is stored on your waist, hips, and buttocks. Your waist size, your hip circumference, and waist to hip ratio do not cause disease and they don't indicate that you necessarily will get heart disease or any other illness. The measurements are simply guidelines that medical professionals use to predict your possible risk of disease.